Photo of Tao Zhou

Tao Zhou

Assistant Professor


  • Engineering Science and Mechanics
  • Biomedical Engineering

W319 Millennium Science Complex


Personal or Departmental Website

Interest Areas:

Neural Probes; Bioelectronics; Brain-machine interface; Spinal cord interface; Soft materials; Additive Manufacturing




  • B.S., Tsinghua University, 2011
  • M.S., Tsinghua University, 2013
  • Ph.D., Chemical physics, Harvard University, 2019


Journal Articles

  • Shumao Xu, Salahuddin Ahmed, Marzia Momin, Arafat Hossain and Tao Zhou, 2023, "Unleashing the potential of 3D printing soft materials", Device
  • Shumao Xu, Marzia Momin, Salahuddin Ahmed, Arafat Hossain, Loganathan Veeramuthu, Archana Pandiyan, Chi-Ching Kuo and Tao Zhou, 2023, "Illuminating the Brain: Advances and Perspectives in Optoelectronics for Neural Activity Monitoring and Modulation", Advanced Materials
  • Tao Zhou, Yuk Hyunwoo, Faqi Hu, Jingjing Wu, Fajuan Tian, Heejung Roh, Zequn Shen, Guoying Gu, Jingkun Xu, Baoyang Lu and Xuanhe Zhao, 2023, "3D printable high performance conducting polymer hydrogel for all-hydrogel bioelectronic interfaces", Nature Materials, 22, pp. 895–902
  • Tao Zhou and Hyunwoo Yuk, 2023, "Omnidirectional Printing of Stretchable Electronics", Nature Electronics, 6, pp. 270–271
  • Chonghe Wang, Xiaoyu Chen, Liu Wang, Mitsutoshi Makihata, Hsiao-Chuan Liu, Tao Zhou and Xuanhe Zhao, 2022, "Bioadhesive ultrasound for long-term continuous imaging of diverse organs", Science, 377, (6605), pp. 517-523
  • Robert D. Viveros, Tao Zhou, Guosong Hong, Tian-Ming Fu, Hao-Yu Greg Lin and Charles M. Lieber, 2019, "Advanced One- and Two-Dimensional Mesh Designs for Injectable Electronics", Nano Letters, 19, (6), pp. 4180-4187
  • Xiao Yang, Tao Zhou, Theodore J. Zwang, Guosong Hong, Yunlong Zhao, Robert D. Viveros, Tian-Ming Fu, Teng Gao and Charles M. Lieber, 2019, "Bioinspired neuron-like electronics", Nature Materials, 18, (5), pp. 510-517
  • Guosong Hong, Tian-Ming Fu, Mu Qiao, Robert D. Viveros, Xiao Yang, Tao Zhou, Jung Min Lee, Hong-Gyu Park, Joshua R. Sanes and Charles M. Lieber, 2018, "A method for single-neuron chronic recording from the retina in awake mice", Science, 360, (6396), pp. 1447-1451
  • Guosong Hong, Xiao Yang, Tao Zhou and Charles M Lieber, 2018, "Mesh electronics: a new paradigm for tissue-like brain probes", Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 50, pp. 33-41
  • Thomas G. Schuhmann, Tao Zhou, Guosong Hong, Jung Min Lee, Tian-Ming Fu, Hong-Gyu Park and Charles M. Lieber, 2018, "Syringe-injectable Mesh Electronics for Stable Chronic Rodent Electrophysiology", Journal of Visualized Experiments, (137)
  • Tian-Ming Fu, Guosong Hong, Robert D. Viveros, Tao Zhou and Charles M. Lieber, 2017, "Highly scalable multichannel mesh electronics for stable chronic brain electrophysiology", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, (47)
  • Tao Zhou, Guosong Hong, Tian-Ming Fu, Xiao Yang, Thomas G. Schuhmann, Robert D. Viveros and Charles M. Lieber, 2017, "Syringe-injectable mesh electronics integrate seamlessly with minimal chronic immune response in the brain", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, (23), pp. 5894-5899
  • Lin Niu, Xuyan Yang, Wei Pan, Tao Zhou, Dongsheng Liu, Chengde Mao and Dehai Liang, 2016, "Effects of Structural Flexibility on the Kinetics of DNA Y-Junction Assembly and Gelation", Langmuir, 32, (48), pp. 12862-12868
  • Tian-Ming Fu, Guosong Hong, Tao Zhou, Thomas G Schuhmann, Robert D Viveros and Charles M Lieber, 2016, "Stable long-term chronic brain mapping at the single-neuron level", Nature Methods, 13, (10), pp. 875-882
  • Ping Chen, Tao Zhang, Tao Zhou and Dongsheng Liu, 2016, "Number-controlled spatial arrangement of gold nanoparticles with DNA dendrimers", RSC Advances, 6, (74), pp. 70553-70556
  • Guosong Hong, Tian-Ming Fu, Tao Zhou, Thomas G. Schuhmann, Jinlin Huang and Charles M. Lieber, 2015, "Syringe Injectable Electronics: Precise Targeted Delivery with Quantitative Input/Output Connectivity", Nano Letters, 15, (10), pp. 6979-6984
  • Jia Liu, Tian-Ming Fu, Zengguang Cheng, Guosong Hong, Tao Zhou, Lihua Jin, Madhavi Duvvuri, Zhe Jiang, Peter Kruskal, Chong Xie, Zhigang Suo, Ying Fang and Charles M. Lieber, 2015, "Syringe-injectable electronics", Nature Nanotechnology, 10, (7), pp. 629-636
  • Tao Zhou, Yijie Wang, Yuanchen Dong, Chun Chen, Dongsheng Liu and Zhongqiang Yang, 2014, "Tetrahedron DNA dendrimers and their encapsulation of gold nanoparticles", Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 22, (16), pp. 4391-4394
  • Yuanchen Dong, Yawei Sun, Liying Wang, Dianming Wang, Tao Zhou, Zhongqiang Yang, Zhong Chen, Qiangbin Wang, Qinghua Fan and Dongsheng Liu, 2014, "Frame-Guided Assembly of Vesicles with Programmed Geometry and Dimensions", Angewandte Chemie, 126, (10), pp. 2645-2648
  • Juan Jin, Yongzheng Xing, Yanli Xi, Xueli Liu, Tao Zhou, Xinxin Ma, Zhongqiang Yang, Shutao Wang and Dongsheng Liu, 2013, "A Triggered DNA Hydrogel Cover to Envelop and Release Single Cells", Advanced Materials, 25, (34), pp. 4714-4717
  • Tao Zhou, Ping Chen, Lin Niu, Juan Jin, Dehai Liang, Zhibo Li, Zhongqiang Yang and Dongsheng Liu, 2012, "pH-Responsive Size-Tunable Self-Assembled DNA Dendrimers", Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 51, (45), pp. 11271-11274

Research Projects

Honors and Awards


Service to Penn State:

Service to External Organizations:




The Department of Biomedical Engineering administers the undergraduate major in biomedical engineering, and is a part of the university-wide Intercollege Graduate Degree Program, offering both M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Bioengineering. Our work combines traditional engineering principles with medicine and technology for the betterment of human health and society. 

Department of Biomedical Engineering

122 Chemical and Biomedical Engineering Building

The Pennsylvania State University

University Park, PA 16802-4400

Phone: 814-863-6614